Termites are very destructive insects and an unwelcome intruder in your home. With professional help, you can get rid of this annoying critter.
Many homeowners have to deal with very unwelcome guests, termites, around their homes in many parts of the world. The termite prefers warmer climates and humidity. The termite is a silent destructive intruder that can do a lot of damage, before anyone knows of their presence around the home.
Termites live underground, where they build tunnels that radiate to a wood food or water source. They live in large colonies of thousands to millions of termites, mostly consisting of immature members. Their underground colonies are located at the base of a tree, near a patio or under concrete flooring, which is ideal for their needs of moisture retention, warm temperature and humidity control.
Termites make mud shelter tubes from the soil and up the sides of the foundation. They find a water source and continue in colonies, until they can find a way in to a wood food source. These mud and shelter tubes provide their need for high humidity, while protecting them from predators.
Termites reside near presence of moisture, whether it is in wall cavities, leaky pipes, shower recesses, around gutters and other moisture sources. With tiny bodies, they can make their way through two millimeter cracks, expansion joints and adjoining concrete, as well as under flooring and through wall framing timbers.
Termites are very private, secretive and social insects that live in colonies of thousands to millions. Their colonies normally consist of workers, soldiers, kings and queens that work together. The long-lived king and queen are heads of the colonies.
Termites normally start the mating process in the dark beginning with pheromones, which are scents that emit availability to the opposite sex termite. They can also mate in daylight after a rain, with proper conditions of heat and temperature. Both the male and female emit pheromones when they are ready to mate.
When they are ready to mate and start new colonies, the winged males and females leave their nests in a mass mating flight, as they seem to go off in pairs. The pairs may seem to be running in flight with the males usually behind the female, called tandem running, as they search for a nesting area. When they establish their new colony, both male and female termites lose their wings.
Only the queen can lay the eggs after mating. The king and queen can mate often for continuous egg production. It takes eggs two to seven weeks to progress from development to adulthood. If you have termites, you feel violated and at a loss of how to eradicate them. You can have them professionally exterminated. However, there are some less invasive effective remedies for getting rid of these pests naturally.
It is first important to identify the problem and where it exists. Check structural wood damage with a flashlight, under the door frames, and where the foundation and walls meet. Take an object to whack the suspected wood for hollow sounds. Note for any tiny reddish-brown or black droppings. Check foundations for mud tunnels, indicating termite infestation.
The best remedy is prevention. Keep building perimeters free from plants and timbers. Control moisture sources in and around the home foundation, as well as broken seals in the foundation or patio. Weather seal any wood and window frames around the home.
Some natural home remedies may work to replace heavy chemicals in ridding or preventing termites. Essential oils—such as orange, lemongrass, mint, garlic, tea tree, rosemary, geranium and dill weed—should be used at a five-to-one ratio with water; they have been used to repel and kill insects. A diluted Boric acid solution is also known as a safe and effective remedy against termites.
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